A biography of malcolm x a black american leader

Elijah Muhammad

He began reading books on history, philosophy, and religion. Three of Malcolm's four uncles were also murdered by white people. One officer was disarmed by the crowd; his partner was shot in the elbow by a third officer. The three men were all members of the Nation of Islam.

During his pilgrimage to Mecca that same year, he experienced a second conversion and embraced Sunni Islam, adopting the Muslim name el-Hajj Malik el-Shabazz. All four African-American men were arrested.

Malcolm X Quotes, Death, Wife, Kids, Real Name, Biography

The black community was convinced that white people had committed the crime. He was a human rights activist and a Muslim leader who stood up for the rights of blacks and campaigned for an end to white oppression.

He adapted well to the New York City street life and rose quickly in the criminal world. The Nation of Islam became an important faction in the civil rights movement.

Inthey were arrested and convicted on burglary charges, and Malcolm was sentenced to 10 years in prison, although he was granted parole after serving seven years.

There, he was drawn to the neighborhood's street life. In order to educate himself, he spent long hours reading books in the prison library, even memorizing a dictionary.

He also criticized the mainstream civil rights movement, challenging Martin Luther King, Jr. His family moved around often while he was a kid, but he spent much of his childhood in East Lansing, Michigan.

Malcolm X Quotes, Death, Wife, Kids, Real Name, Biography

His keen intellect, incisive wit, and ardent radicalism made him a formidable critic of American society. He was featured in a Mike Wallace television special in Police ruled both incidents as accidents, but the Littles were certain that members of the Black Legion were responsible.

Many leaders spoke out against him and said that he was "worthy of death. He worked at several temples around the country and became the leader of Temple Number 7 in Harlem.

Get your hand outta my pocket. His decision to join the Nation also was influenced by discussions with his brother Reginald, who had become a member in Detroit and who was incarcerated with Malcolm in the Norfolk Prison Colony in Massachusetts in For this purpose he sought aid from several African countries through the Organization of Afro-American Unity.

The Black Muslims worked to create black-owned businesses, and rejected integration and the political process. He married Betty Sanders who became Betty X in and they had six daughters together.

His charisma, drive, and conviction attracted an astounding number of new members. That year, he made two trips to Africa, where he began formulating a more comprehensive pan-African philosophy.

When the Word Is Given: He also expressed a desire to work with other civil rights leaders, saying that Elijah Muhammad had prevented him from doing so in the past. Unlike many other African American leaders of this time, who supported nonviolent methods, Malcolm X believed in using more aggressive measures in the fight for civil rights.

As a boy Malcolm X was born Malcolm Little on May 19,in Omaha, Nebraska. Malcolm X was one of the most honored and respected African American leaders during the turbulent s, and a source. Malcolm X was born Malcolm Little on May 19, in Omaha, Nebraska. His mother, Louise Norton Little, was a homemaker occupied with the family’s eight children.

His father, Earl Little, was an outspoken Baptist minister and avid supporter of Black Nationalist leader Marcus Garvey. Malcolm X was born Malcolm Little on May 19,in Omaha, Nebraska. His father, a Baptist minister, was an outspoken follower of Marcus Garvey (–), the black nationalist leader.

(A nationalist is a person who promotes one nation's culture and interests over all others.) Garvey supported Died: Feb 21, Malcolm X, original name Malcolm Little, Muslim name el-Hajj Malik el-Shabazz, (born May 19,Omaha, Nebraska, U.S.—died February 21,New York, New York), African American leader and prominent figure in the Nation of Islam who articulated concepts of race pride and black.

Malcolm X Biography. Malcolm X ( – ) was an influential African-American leader of the s. Initially, he was a member of the Nation of Islam, which advocated the separation of black and white Americans. He later converted to Sunni Islam and founded the Organisation of Afro-American Unity.

A biography of malcolm x a black american leader
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Elijah Muhammad - Wikipedia